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Types of Basketball court by VMKON Sports Flooring

Basketball is a hugely popular sport all over the world, with millions of people playing it at all levels. It is a fast-paced and exciting game that can be played either indoors or outdoors.

Basketball is a sport that can be played on a variety of different court surfaces. The type of surface you play on can greatly impact your game. That’s why choosing the right court for your playing style is important.

The most common types of basketball courts are Hardwood Courts, asphalt, Synthetic and wood. Each type of surface has its own advantages and disadvantages.

The type of court you choose will depend on a number of factors, including your budget, the amount of space you have, and your personal preferences.

In this article, we will look at the different types of basketball courts so that you can decide which one is right for you.

The Importance of Basketball Floor Surface

When it comes to basketball, the game’s surface has the potential to make a significant difference in the outcome of the match. Basketball players can choose from various flooring options due to technological advancements in the game.

There is no doubt that VMKON SPORTS COURTS provides top-quality flooring solutions for indoor and outdoor basketball courts. There are products available from their company that can help you enhance your athletic performance, improve your stability, and do it all within your budget.

You will be able to play a better basketball game with the court tiles since they offer a superior grip and prevent slipping, making your game more exciting. Whether you’re a professional basketball player or a passionate enthusiast, VMKON SPORTS COURTS’ flooring solutions are a fantastic option to improve your playing experience.

There is no doubt that it is important to select the right surface for the type of game, the location, and the playing experience level of the player to ensure that the game is safe and enjoyable.

Surface and the Basketball

Basketball bounces differently depending on the surface on which it is played. Players and coaches often prefer wood surfaces that provide a true bounce to their games. It is important to remember that concrete and some of the newer synthetic surfaces have a true basketball bounce.


Basketball players need good traction since they need to move fast, stop suddenly, and turn sharply. Synthetic courts offer excellent indoor and outdoor traction, including seamless tiles and poured or rolled surfaces.

It is relatively easy to maintain these surfaces since they require little maintenance. On the other hand, traditional hardwood indoor courts can offer great traction if correctly maintained.

However, old multipurpose surfaces such as wood and tile can become dangerously slick if not properly handled. Although concrete and asphalt courts provide excellent traction, they can damage shoes, basketballs, skin, and other equipment in a collision.

Surface and Injuries

The safety of players is one of the most important aspects of basketball. A temporary wood court used for NBA matches in multi-sport arenas is flexible, allowing players to take fewer hits on their joints due to the great give in the court. Moreover, the surface’s shock absorption properties can prevent injuries such as bone fractures and ankle sprains.

The Different Types of Basketball Courts

There are a variety of outdoor basketball surfaces on which basketball can be played, each with its own characteristics. Basketball courts come in all surfaces, from traditional hardwood to modern synthetic.

These surfaces can impact gameplay, player performance, and safety. Here, we will discuss the types and features of basketball courts.

1. Indoor Hardwood Courts

The most common type of basketball court is an indoor hardwood court. The durability, aesthetic appeal, and superior playing experience of hardwood surfacing make it a popular choice for basketball courts.

indoor wood basketball court

Here are some of the pros and cons of using hardwood surfacing for basketball courts:

Pros of Hardwood Surfacing

  • Player Safety: The excellent traction provided by hardwood enables players to stay safe by reducing the risk of falling or slipping.
  • Smooth and Clean Surface: There is no place for dirt or grime to hide on hardwood flooring, as its grains are tightly packed. This makes it easy to clean and maintain.
  • Durability: This naturally durable flooring type can withstand wear and tear, a testament to its strength. However, it should be noted that extreme weather conditions can impact the longevity of the surface.
  • Ball Response: The ball’s response on hardwood is exceptional, providing a high playability quotient. Hardwood is ideal for basketball because of its smooth surface and shock-absorbing properties.
  • Anti-Skid Properties: The surface of hardwood flooring has anti-skid properties, giving players an edge when it comes to dribbling. There is also a better grip on the surface, which helps to prevent slips and falls.

Cons of Hardwood Surfacing

  • Susceptible to Heat Damage: It is important to remember that hardwood surfacing cannot withstand extreme heat, and prolonged exposure to sunlight can cause the surface to warp and damage within a few months of exposure.
  • Installation Cost: If you compare hardwood flooring costs with other flooring options, they can be relatively high.

2. Asphalt Surfacing.

Due to its low installation cost, asphalt surfacing is a popular choice for outdoor basketball courts in parks and community centers.

Asphalt basketball court Surfacing

As you can see from the name, this surfacing is created by combining fine sand with oil, resulting in a solid and durable surface that allows for fast and high bounces when playing basketball. However, Asphalt Surfacing Outdoor basketball court materials have some drawbacks and advantages.

Pros of Asphalt Surfacing

  • Cost-Effective: Asphalt basketball courts are a cost-effective alternative to other surfacing materials because the installation cost is relatively low compared to other surfaces.
  • Fast and High Bounce: When playing basketball on asphalt surfacing, the ball bounces fast and higher, making for an exciting and fast-paced game that can be thrilling to watch.
  • Eco-Friendly: Asphalt is an environmentally friendly option for surfing basketball courts since it is a recyclable material.

Cons of Asphalt Surfacing

  • Prone to Chipping and Cracking: It is possible for asphalt surfacing to chip and crack, which can cause uneven playing surfaces. Regular maintenance is required to keep the surface smooth and safe.
  • High Impact of Falls: There is a risk of severe joint damage to the ankle and knee when falling on asphalt basketball courts. Injury prevention requires extra precautions on the part of players.
  • Repetitive Leg Movement: Repetitive leg movement during jump shots on the asphalt surface can result in severe knee pain and fractures. It is imperative that players wear the proper footwear to minimize the risk of being injured during the game.

3. Multi-Purpose Flooring for Basketball Courts

The versatility of basketball courts makes them a good choice for schools, sports organizations, and other organizations.

In such cases, multipurpose flooring provides a sturdy foundation and a varying surface layer by combining asphalt and concrete. A multi-purpose court’s upper surfacing is made up of the following materials:

Polyurethane: There are a variety of polyurethane products that are both inexpensive and durable, which can provide players with a superior grip since they provide an even surface. Therefore, most multi-purpose floorings use polyurethane.

Acrylic: Due to its durability, elasticity, non-slippery surface, and low maintenance cost, acrylic is a popular material for multi-purpose flooring.

Tartan: It is also very common to use tartan for multi-purpose flooring due to its durable, elastic, and antislip properties, which provide maximum grip to the players, making it an ideal choice for multi-purpose flooring.

Pros of Multi-Purpose Flooring

  • Superior grip: Multipurpose flooring enhances players’ performance and minimizes their injuries by providing an excellent grip.
  • Heavy foot traffic: Long-lasting durability and the ability to withstand heavy foot traffic are both features of these flooring types.
  • Easy maintenance: Sports facilities can use these flooring surfaces since they are easy to clean and maintain, and cost-effective.
  • Low installation cost: Compared to other flooring options, multi-purpose flooring is much cheaper to install than different flooring types.

Cons of Multi-Purpose Flooring

  • Resurfacing: Outdoor basketball courts made from multi-purpose flooring may need to be resurfaced after a couple of years when used as multi-purpose flooring.
  • Heat damage: The flooring may get damaged if it gets too hot during summer because it heats up.

4. Rubber Surfacing.

Basketball players are increasingly turning to rubber surfacing because of its numerous advantages. There is no doubt that this type of surfacing provides excellent shock absorption and skid resistance, which makes it the best choice for high-performance basketball courts.

Rubber sports court Surfacing

Here, we are going to discuss both the pros and cons associated with rubber surfacing.

Construction of Rubber Surfaced Courts

Concrete is the base, polypropene plastic is the middle layer, and rubber is the top layer of rubber-surfaced basketball courts.

There are many benefits to this unique construction, including excellent cushioning and shock absorption, so the impact of a fall will be reduced significantly. There is also a high skid resistance on the flooring, assuring players that they will have a steady and reliable surface for better grip.

Pros of Rubber Surfacing

  • Skid-Proof: A high skid-proofing beneath the surfacing ensures solid ground for better grip over long distances. There is a feature that assists players in maintaining their balance and reducing the risk of slips and falls due to this feature.
  • Smooth Basketball Match Experience: Basketball matches are smoother with rubber surfacing, which enhances ball responsiveness. The high coefficient of friction reduces the impact of severe falls.
  • High Durability: Basketball players use high-intensity movements on rubber-surfaced, highly durable courts. The material is also resistant to extreme weather conditions, reducing wear and tear.
  • Absorbs Sweat and Water: Playability is enhanced by rubber surfacing because it is effective at absorbing sweat and water spilling from the surface.

Cons of Rubber Surfacing

  • Appearance: The rubber court’s upper layer can become dull over time. The surface can still be improved by using a mild cleanser and a mop to clean it with a mild solution.
  • High Upfront Cost: It can be expensive to install rubber surfacing upfront. The high durability quotient of the floor offsets the long-term maintenance costs. Keeping the court in good condition for up to ten years is possible.

5. Synthetic Surfacing.

Synthetic surfacing has become a popular alternative to traditional hardwood basketball courts. You can enhance your athletic performance with VMKON SPORTS FLOOR products.

Synthetic sports court Surfacing

These synthetic indoor basketball courts offer numerous advantages, including durability, versatility, and the possibility to customize them in many different ways. Here we will discuss the pros and cons of plastic surfacing. VMKON offers interlocking synthetic tiles flooring which is very easy to install and maintain.

Construction of Plastic Surfaced Courts

The synthetic surface of a basketball court can be made from various materials, such as polypropylene, PVC, and other synthetic materials. The combination of these materials creates a durable and resilient surface, able to withstand the high impact and intensity of basketball games without becoming damaged.

Pros of Plastic Surfacing

  • Durability: Plastic surfaces are durable, one of their most significant advantages. The plastic courts are far more resistant to warping, cracking, and splintering than traditional hardwood courts. It is also possible for them to withstand extreme weather conditions and temperatures.
  • Versatility: It is possible to design and color plastic surfaces in various ways, making them highly versatile. Multi-colored courts can be installed using different color options and custom logos for a unique and individualized court experience.
  • Low Maintenance: The maintenance requirements for plastic surfaces are significantly lower than those for hardwood surfaces. Cleaning and refinishing are not required regularly.

Cons of Plastic Surfacing

  • Refurbishment: Synthetic floors can’t be refurbished or repaired.  This means that every time your synthetic floor gets damaged, you’ll have to replace the entire surface.


Choosing the right type of basketball court is important for every player, whether recreational or professional. Each type of basketball court has unique features and benefits, and it’s essential to consider factors such as location, playing style, and maintenance before making a decision.

Whether you prefer playing on an indoor hardwood court, an outdoor concrete court, or a rubberized court, the most important thing is to find a court that suits your needs and helps you play your best game.

FAQs About Basketball Courts.

What Are the Different Types of Basketball Court Flooring?

There are many different types of basketball court flooring, including wood, concrete, asphalt, and synthetic turf.

What is the Best Type of Basketball Court?

This question has no definitive answer, as different people may have different preferences. The best type of basketball court surface depends on various factors such as location, intended use, and budget.

What Are the 6 Parts of a Basketball Court?

The six parts of a basketball court include the sideline, baseline, center circle, free-throw line, three-point line, and the key (also known as the paint or the lane). Each of these parts plays an important role in the game of basketball, from defining the boundaries of the court.


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